GENERAL /

Date Established: February 28, 1922

US Aid: Obligated: $20 million
Spent: $30 million

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Abdelfattah el-Sisi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly

Government Type: Presidential Republic

Capital: Cairo

Legislature: House of Representatives

Judiciary: Mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws

Ambassador to US: Yasser Reda

US Ambassador: Jonathan R. Cohen

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 104.1 million

Language: Arabic (official), English, and French

Ethnicity: Egyptian (99.7%), other (0.3%)

Religion: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) (90%), Christian (predominantly Coptic Orthodox) (10%)

Christian Communities: Coptic Orthodox (90% of the Christians), Other (Greek (Antiochian) Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Greek (Melkite) Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, Syriac Orthodox, Chaldean Catholic, Protestants (10% of the Christians)

Egypt

Egypt

BACKGROUND

Egypt, which became an independent state in 1922, is a country in North Africa bordering Israel to the northeast, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is a country with one of the longest histories and is famous for its pharaohs, pyramids, the Nile, its Coptic heritage, and the dishes "Mulukhiyah" and "Koshari." In Egypt, Christians are estimated to be around 10%, or 10 million of the approximately 100 million population.

LATEST NEWS

  • Egyptian Field Hospital begins treating victims of Beirut explosion: On 5th August, the Egyptian Field Hospital in Lebanon has started treating civilians injured by the explosion that had occurred in Beirut port the day before. The hospital is providing services free of charge to Lebanese citizens and non-citizens residing in Lebanon. The Field Hospital was set up in Lebanon following the war with Israel in 2006 and kept the hospital by the decision of the former Egyptian President in cooperation with the Lebanese government. - Egypt Independent

  • Egyptian Embassy mourns death of two Egyptians in Beirut explosion: Two Egyptian citizens died in the explosion at the Beirut port on 4th August. The Egyptian Embassy in Lebanon released a statement offering its condolences to the family of the deceased. - Egypt Independent

  • Egyptian medical aid plane heads to Lebanon: On 6th August, Egypt loaded a military plane with urgent medical aid and headed to Lebanon after the massive explosion on Beirut port that claimed lives of more than 100 people and injured more than 5,000. - Egypt Today

  • Egypt’s Public Prosecutor orders investigation of ‘Fairmont rape incident:' The National Council for Women (NCW) sent a memo to the General Prosecutor office with a complaint regarding the alleged gang-rape in 2014 with testimonies and witnesses. The General Attorney has ordered to have the memo investigated. - Egypt Today