GENERAL /

Date Established: February 28, 1922

US Aid: Obligated: $20 million
Spent: $30 million

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Abdelfattah el-Sisi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly

Government Type: Presidential Republic

Capital: Cairo

Legislature: House of Representatives

Judiciary: Mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws

Ambassador to US: Yasser Reda

US Ambassador: Jonathan R. Cohen

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 104.1 million

Language: Arabic (official), English, and French

Ethnicity: Egyptian (99.7%), other (0.3%)

Religion: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) (90%), Christian (predominantly Coptic Orthodox) (10%)

Christian Communities: Coptic Orthodox (90% of the Christians), Other (Greek (Antiochian) Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Greek (Melkite) Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, Syriac Orthodox, Chaldean Catholic, Protestants (10% of the Christians)

Egypt

Egypt

BACKGROUND

Egypt, which became an independent state in 1922, is a country in North Africa bordering Israel to the northeast, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is a country with one of the longest histories and is famous for its pharaohs, pyramids, the Nile, its Coptic heritage, and the dishes "Mulukhiyah" and "Koshari." In Egypt, Christians are estimated to be around 10%, or 10 million of the approximately 100 million population.

LATEST NEWS

  • Two killers of Maadi girl detained for four days pending investigation: Two men were detained for four days pending investigations for killing and robbing a 24-year-old girl in Al-Maadi district. The victim was killed after one of the muggers yanked her backpack, causing her head to smash with a nearby car. The accused confessed that they robbed the girl and ran away, without knowing she was killed. - Egypt Today

  • Africa’s largest dam powers dreams of prosperity in Ethiopia and fears in Egypt: A colossal dam is near completion on the Ethiopian stretch of the Nile, a project so large that it could lift tens of millions out of poverty. Downstream in Egypt, however, the dam serves as a menacing barrier that could hold back all of the country’s water. With or without an agreement, the dam is an imminent reality, and people are preparing for the implications of it; farmers in Egypt are moving away from water-intensive crops. - The Washington Post

  • ‘Cleopatra’ casting of Israeli actress draws backlash in Egypt: Many Egyptians are upset that the new biographical drama depicting Cleopatra’s life features Gal Gadot, an Israeli actress, as Cleopatra. Sayyed Ali, presenter of Al Haddath El Youm show lashed out at Israel following the announcement, calling it “a state of thieves.” Mostafa El Fekki, an Egyptian politician and director of the Alexandria Library also condemned the casting of the Israeli actress, and Egyptian social media was also outraged. - Al-Monitor

  • Latest attack on Coptic Christians highlights religious violence in Egypt: A mob of Islamic extremists attacked the homes of Coptic Christians in the village of Dabous on October 5th. Two young Muslim adults beat up a ten-year old Coptic Christian child, and some adults retaliated, triggering the attack the next day. - Crux Now

Egypt

Egypt

GENERAL /

Date Established: February 28, 1922

US Aid: Obligated: $20 million
Spent: $30 million

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Abdelfattah el-Sisi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly

Government Type: Presidential Republic

Capital: Cairo

Legislature: House of Representatives

Judiciary: Mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws

Ambassador to US: Yasser Reda

US Ambassador: Jonathan R. Cohen

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 104.1 million

Language: Arabic (official), English, and French

Ethnicity: Egyptian (99.7%), other (0.3%)

Religion: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) (90%), Christian (predominantly Coptic Orthodox) (10%)

Christian Communities: Coptic Orthodox (90% of the Christians), Other (Greek (Antiochian) Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Greek (Melkite) Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, Syriac Orthodox, Chaldean Catholic, Protestants (10% of the Christians)

BACKGROUND

Egypt, which became an independent state in 1922, is a country in North Africa bordering Israel to the northeast, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is a country with one of the longest histories and is famous for its pharaohs, pyramids, the Nile, its Coptic heritage, and the dishes "Mulukhiyah" and "Koshari." In Egypt, Christians are estimated to be around 10%, or 10 million of the approximately 100 million population.

LATEST NEWS

  • Two killers of Maadi girl detained for four days pending investigation: Two men were detained for four days pending investigations for killing and robbing a 24-year-old girl in Al-Maadi district. The victim was killed after one of the muggers yanked her backpack, causing her head to smash with a nearby car. The accused confessed that they robbed the girl and ran away, without knowing she was killed. - Egypt Today

  • Africa’s largest dam powers dreams of prosperity in Ethiopia and fears in Egypt: A colossal dam is near completion on the Ethiopian stretch of the Nile, a project so large that it could lift tens of millions out of poverty. Downstream in Egypt, however, the dam serves as a menacing barrier that could hold back all of the country’s water. With or without an agreement, the dam is an imminent reality, and people are preparing for the implications of it; farmers in Egypt are moving away from water-intensive crops. - The Washington Post

  • ‘Cleopatra’ casting of Israeli actress draws backlash in Egypt: Many Egyptians are upset that the new biographical drama depicting Cleopatra’s life features Gal Gadot, an Israeli actress, as Cleopatra. Sayyed Ali, presenter of Al Haddath El Youm show lashed out at Israel following the announcement, calling it “a state of thieves.” Mostafa El Fekki, an Egyptian politician and director of the Alexandria Library also condemned the casting of the Israeli actress, and Egyptian social media was also outraged. - Al-Monitor

  • Latest attack on Coptic Christians highlights religious violence in Egypt: A mob of Islamic extremists attacked the homes of Coptic Christians in the village of Dabous on October 5th. Two young Muslim adults beat up a ten-year old Coptic Christian child, and some adults retaliated, triggering the attack the next day. - Crux Now

  • 13 mysterious mummies discovered in Egyptian well: Egypt has uncovered a collection of coffins that are thought to contain mummies that are 2,500 years old. The coffins are so well preserved that the original designs and colors are clearly visible. The identities of those inside the coffins are still a mystery. - CNN

  • Earthquake hits Red Sea city Hurghada: a minor 3.5 magnitude earthquake shook Egypt’s coastal city of Hurghada at 3:54 Thursday morning. - Egypt Independent

  • Egypt to hold two-phase parliamentary election: Egypt will elect its new legislature in two phases, with the first covering half of the country’s 27 provinces to be held next month. The first phase will begin on October 21st, and the second on November 7th-8th, with the run-off vote slated for December. The polls will be held amid strict precautions against the coronavirus. - Gulf News

  • Online calls for anti-Sisi protests in Egypt may fall flat: the Arabic hashtag #We Don’t Want You has topped Egyptian Twitter’s trending list. It was launched by anti-Sisi activists, which if left unaddressed, could evolve into an uprising against the Egyptian leader. The space for freedom has considerably shrunk under Sisi’s rule, with the government blocking news sites and social media content. Activists have urged Egyptians to break their fear and take to the streets to call on Sisi to step down, however, many scholars believe this will not culminate into a mass uprising. - Al-Monitor