GENERAL /

Date Established: February 28, 1922

US Aid: Obligated: $20 million
Spent: $30 million

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Abdelfattah el-Sisi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly

Government Type: Presidential Republic

Capital: Cairo

Legislature: House of Representatives

Judiciary: Mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws

Ambassador to US: Yasser Reda

US Ambassador: Jonathan R. Cohen

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 104.1 million

Language: Arabic (official), English, and French

Ethnicity: Egyptian (99.7%), other (0.3%)

Religion: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) (90%), Christian (predominantly Coptic Orthodox) (10%)

Christian Communities: Coptic Orthodox (90% of the Christians), Other (Greek (Antiochian) Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Greek (Melkite) Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, Syriac Orthodox, Chaldean Catholic, Protestants (10% of the Christians)

Egypt

Egypt

BACKGROUND

Egypt, which became an independent state in 1922, is a country in North Africa bordering Israel to the northeast, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is a country with one of the longest histories and is famous for its pharaohs, pyramids, the Nile, its Coptic heritage, and the dishes "Mulukhiyah" and "Koshari." In Egypt, Christians are estimated to be around 10%, or 10 million of the approximately 100 million population.

LATEST NEWS

  • 59 priest mummies and statue of unusual god unearthed in Egypt: 59 sealed coffins have been found at an archaeological dig in Saqqara. The coffins date back to Egypt’s 26th dynasty (688 B.C. to 525 B.C.), and the mummies are still preserved within the coffins. Beside the coffins, they found several statues of Egyptian gods, one of which was a combination of two gods. - Live Science

  • Egypt is busily building expressways; angers residents: The new flyover expressway in Giza has upset many Egyptians who feel it is a symbol of their government’s ineptitude. Furthermore, it runs so close to the adjacent apartment buildings that some residents can reach out of their windows and touch it. The goal of the construction is to double Egypt’s urban space over the next 30 years. - The Economist

Egypt

Egypt

GENERAL /

Date Established: February 28, 1922

US Aid: Obligated: $20 million
Spent: $30 million

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Abdelfattah el-Sisi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly

Government Type: Presidential Republic

Capital: Cairo

Legislature: House of Representatives

Judiciary: Mixed legal system based on Napoleonic civil and penal law, Islamic law, and vestiges of colonial-era laws

Ambassador to US: Yasser Reda

US Ambassador: Jonathan R. Cohen

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 104.1 million

Language: Arabic (official), English, and French

Ethnicity: Egyptian (99.7%), other (0.3%)

Religion: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) (90%), Christian (predominantly Coptic Orthodox) (10%)

Christian Communities: Coptic Orthodox (90% of the Christians), Other (Greek (Antiochian) Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Greek (Melkite) Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, Syriac Orthodox, Chaldean Catholic, Protestants (10% of the Christians)

BACKGROUND

Egypt, which became an independent state in 1922, is a country in North Africa bordering Israel to the northeast, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is a country with one of the longest histories and is famous for its pharaohs, pyramids, the Nile, its Coptic heritage, and the dishes "Mulukhiyah" and "Koshari." In Egypt, Christians are estimated to be around 10%, or 10 million of the approximately 100 million population.

LATEST NEWS

  • Greek parliament approves maritime demarcation agreement with Egypt: On Thursday, the Greek parliament approved the maritime demarcation agreement in the Mediterranean. - Egypt Today

  • After 12 years, the FBI finally catches the most wanted Egyptian in the US: One of the most wanted fugitives in the USA has finally been caught by the FBI. Egyptian expatriate, Yasser Abdel Fattah Said, was wanted for shooting his two daughters and running away. - Egypt Independent

  • Controversial Egyptian preacher Abdallah Roshdy will no longer deliver sermons says Endowments Ministry: The Religious Endowments Minister has banned controversial Islamic preacher, Abdallah Roshdy, from delivering sermons in any mosque in Egypt. Roshdy’s controversial statements started when he justified sexual harassment. - Egypt Independent

  • Egyptiancourt sentenced 3 to death for the abduction and rape of minor: Three men were sentenced to death for the kidnapping and raping of a female student in October 2018. - Egypt Independent

  • 13 mysterious mummies discovered in Egyptian well: Egypt has uncovered a collection of coffins that are thought to contain mummies that are 2,500 years old. The coffins are so well preserved that the original designs and colors are clearly visible. The identities of those inside the coffins are still a mystery. - CNN

  • Earthquake hits Red Sea city Hurghada: a minor 3.5 magnitude earthquake shook Egypt’s coastal city of Hurghada at 3:54 Thursday morning. - Egypt Independent

  • Egypt to hold two-phase parliamentary election: Egypt will elect its new legislature in two phases, with the first covering half of the country’s 27 provinces to be held next month. The first phase will begin on October 21st, and the second on November 7th-8th, with the run-off vote slated for December. The polls will be held amid strict precautions against the coronavirus. - Gulf News

  • Online calls for anti-Sisi protests in Egypt may fall flat: the Arabic hashtag #We Don’t Want You has topped Egyptian Twitter’s trending list. It was launched by anti-Sisi activists, which if left unaddressed, could evolve into an uprising against the Egyptian leader. The space for freedom has considerably shrunk under Sisi’s rule, with the government blocking news sites and social media content. Activists have urged Egyptians to break their fear and take to the streets to call on Sisi to step down, however, many scholars believe this will not culminate into a mass uprising. - Al-Monitor