GENERAL /

Date Established: 11 June 11, 1975. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy.

US Aid: No established US Aid to Greece

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Capital: Athens

Legislature: Unicameral Hellenic Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon

Judiciary: Highest courts: Supreme Civil and Criminal Court or Areios Pagos (consists of 56 judges, including the court presidents); Council of State (supreme administrative court) (consists of the president, 7 vice presidents, 42 privy councilors, 48 associate councilors and 50 reporting judges, organized into six 5- and 7-member chambers; Court of Audit (government audit and enforcement) consists of the president, 5 vice presidents, 20 councilors, and 90 associate and reporting judges

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal and Courts of First Instance (district courts)

Ambassador to US: Ambassador Alexandra Papadopoulou

US Ambassador: Ambassador Geoffrey R. Pyatt

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: Population: 10.6 million

Language: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Ethnicity: Greek 91.6%, Albanian 4.4%, other 4% (2011)

Religion: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Christian Communities: Greece’s population is Greek Orthodox and directly tied to its culture and traditions. There is no pervasive Christian community other than that, but there is an extremely small percentage of Catholics.

greece

Greece

BACKGROUND

Greece began its fight for independence after nearly 400 years of Ottoman occupation; the last of modern-day Greece’s regions, Crete, was freed in 1929. Greece participated in both World Wars, had its own civil war between 1946-1949, and a US-supported military regime from 1967 to 1974. Greece’s culture and traditions are tied to Orthodox Christianity with between 81 – 90% of the population identifying as Greek Orthodox, while 4-15% identify as agnostic/atheist, 3% as other, and 2% as Muslim. Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula and shares land borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

LATEST NEWS

  • Dendias: We are waiting on Turkey to give us a date: While visiting Kosovo on an official state visit, Greek Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nikos Dendias, stated that exploratory discussions between Greece and Turkey will start once Turkey sets a date. He went on to say that the previous discussion was held in 2016 in Athens and thus, it is on the Turkish side to determine when the next round will be held in Ankara. - Kathimerini

  • Capital Economics says one more misstep could destroy Turkey: The London-based publication, Capital Economics, published an article predicting what one more Turkish misstep could bring to the country and its already ailing economy. It also cited Turkey’s aggressive and provocative foreign policy as the reason why Turkey may lose out on the energy field. The article emphasizes that all three main actors in the industry, the USA, the EU, and Russia, asked that all hostilities in the region desist, and in response, Turkey entangled itself further by supporting the air force of Azerbaijan. Turkey’s past aggressions resulted in sanctions from Russia and the USA, and given Turkey’s deficit and high short-term external debt, any further sanctions could destroy the Turkish economy. - Kathimerini

  • Coronavirus: Severe increase in intubations: The number of intubated citizens has skyrocketed, reaching 98; 391 new cases have emerged, with 56 of them tied to known outbreaks and 36 being identified following national border checkpoints. - CNN.gr 

greece

Greece

GENERAL /

Date Established: 11 June 11, 1975. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy.

US Aid: No established US Aid to Greece

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Capital: Athens

Legislature: Unicameral Hellenic Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon

Judiciary: Highest courts: Supreme Civil and Criminal Court or Areios Pagos (consists of 56 judges, including the court presidents); Council of State (supreme administrative court) (consists of the president, 7 vice presidents, 42 privy councilors, 48 associate councilors and 50 reporting judges, organized into six 5- and 7-member chambers; Court of Audit (government audit and enforcement) consists of the president, 5 vice presidents, 20 councilors, and 90 associate and reporting judges

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal and Courts of First Instance (district courts)

Ambassador to US: Ambassador Alexandra Papadopoulou

US Ambassador: Ambassador Geoffrey R. Pyatt

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: Population: 10.6 million

Language: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Ethnicity: Greek 91.6%, Albanian 4.4%, other 4% (2011)

Religion: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Christian Communities: Greece’s population is Greek Orthodox and directly tied to its culture and traditions. There is no pervasive Christian community other than that, but there is an extremely small percentage of Catholics.

BACKGROUND

Greece began its fight for independence after nearly 400 years of Ottoman occupation; the last of modern-day Greece’s regions, Crete, was freed in 1929. Greece participated in both World Wars, had its own civil war between 1946-1949, and a US-supported military regime from 1967 to 1974. Greece’s culture and traditions are tied to Orthodox Christianity with between 81 – 90% of the population identifying as Greek Orthodox, while 4-15% identify as agnostic/atheist, 3% as other, and 2% as Muslim. Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula and shares land borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

LATEST NEWS

  • Merkel says all EU members are obligated to support Greece: Chancellor Merkel released a statement saying all EU member states should support Greece during this time of overt Turkish aggression. In the conclusion of a meeting with French president Macron and in anticipation of her meeting this coming Monday with the European Council’s President, Charles Michel, she added that Germany and the USA feel NATO to be an important organization for security and committed to working closely with whoever is elected President to preserve it. – Kathimerini

  • German MFA calls for sanctions against Turkey: Heiko Maas, Germany’s MFA, called for sanctions against Turkey in September’s summit meeting. Maas added that tensions have certainly risen due to Ankara’s aggression in the Eastern Med, and he feels that the only solution will be through constructive dialogue. – Kathimerini

  • EU MFA: Turkey must end unilateral decisions: The EU Council of Foreign Ministers concluded its meeting by invoking the need for dialogue and diplomacy in regard to Turkey. Despite Greece’s hopes, the EU Council decided to defer the decision on sanctions to September at the next EU Summit. – ToVima

  • David McAllister: the EU decided a long time ago to stand by Greece & Cyprus: The president of the EU Council of Foreign Affairs and German European MP, David McAllister, released a statement that the EU had decided to support Greece and Cyprus against Turkey’s violations, a “long time ago,” expressing great concern over Turkey’s actions. – gr

  • Pompeo calls for Turkish naval ships’ departure: U.S. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, has called for the departure of Turkish naval ships located in the Greek continental shelf. Additionally, Pompeo is visiting Cyprus on Saturday, September 12, and he commented on the lifting of the arms embargo towards the country. - Kathimerini

  • US and Greek air forces have joint exercises: US C-130s of the 37th Airlift Squadron flew over Athens today, along with the Greek air force. The flyover was part of a joint exercise with the name “Stolen Cerberus VII.” - Kathimerini

  • Med 7 proclaim full support for Greece: Following the September 10th Med-7 meeting, the group of seven Mediterranean countries (France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Greece and Cyprus) released their conclusions in the “Ajaccio Declaration,” expressing the group’s full support and solidarity with Greece and Cyprus. They also called for all countries to adhere to international law, and expressed disappointment in Turkey’s insistence in violating Greece’s continental shelf even after the EU’s multiple appeals to desist in the unilateral violations and acts of aggression. - Kathimerini

  • Turkey calls Med 7 statement biased: The Turkish MFA released a statement calling the recent Med-7 statement supporting Greece and Cyprus biased. It also stated that the path to dialogue required unconditional terms, and called for Greece to remove its naval ships from the vicinity of Turkey’s naval ship “Oruc Reis,” which is currently located in Greek waters. - Kathimerini