GENERAL /

Date Established: 11 June 11, 1975. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy.

US Aid: No established US Aid to Greece

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Capital: Athens

Legislature: Unicameral Hellenic Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon

Judiciary: Highest courts: Supreme Civil and Criminal Court or Areios Pagos (consists of 56 judges, including the court presidents); Council of State (supreme administrative court) (consists of the president, 7 vice presidents, 42 privy councilors, 48 associate councilors and 50 reporting judges, organized into six 5- and 7-member chambers; Court of Audit (government audit and enforcement) consists of the president, 5 vice presidents, 20 councilors, and 90 associate and reporting judges

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal and Courts of First Instance (district courts)

Ambassador to US: Ambassador Alexandra Papadopoulou

US Ambassador: Ambassador Geoffrey R. Pyatt

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: Population: 10.6 million

Language: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Ethnicity: Greek 91.6%, Albanian 4.4%, other 4% (2011)

Religion: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Christian Communities: Greece’s population is Greek Orthodox and directly tied to its culture and traditions. There is no pervasive Christian community other than that, but there is an extremely small percentage of Catholics.

greece

Greece

BACKGROUND

Greece began its fight for independence after nearly 400 years of Ottoman occupation; the last of modern-day Greece’s regions, Crete, was freed in 1929. Greece participated in both World Wars, had its own civil war between 1946-1949, and a US-supported military regime from 1967 to 1974. Greece’s culture and traditions are tied to Orthodox Christianity with between 81 – 90% of the population identifying as Greek Orthodox, while 4-15% identify as agnostic/atheist, 3% as other, and 2% as Muslim. Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula and shares land borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

LATEST NEWS

  • Greece and Egypt sign EEZ agreement: The Greek and Egyptian MFAs, in a joint press conference, announced the two countries’ agreement on an exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Minister Dendias (of Greece), stated that this historic agreement confirms and secures the sovereignty and influence of [our] islands and went on to characterize the agreement as historic and emphasized that the agreement was based entirely on international maritime law. Finally, Minister Dendias pointed out that the Turkish-Libyan agreement was illegal and unenforceable. - Naftemporiki

  • Turkish MFA rejects Greek – Egyptian EEZ agreement: Turkish MFA, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, characterized Thursday’s EEZ agreement between Greece and Egypt as invalid, suggesting that it infringes on the right of Turkey and Libya. Despite the map not being available to the public, Çavuşoğlu stated to the Anandolu news agency that the agreement violates the continental shelf as it was submitted to the UN by Turkey and thus is rendered invalid. – Kathimerini

  • Turkey cancels diplomatic meeting with Greece: The Turkish government, due to the Greek – Egypt EEZ agreement, cancelled diplomatic meetings with Greece that were set to begin the week of August 24. The Turkish MFA announced that it would allow no activity in the territory it deems part of Turkish sovereignty near Occupied Cyprus. – ToVima

  • COVID: An alarming increase in cases leads to new measures: A steep increase in coronavirus cases has caused concern for the Greek government, which opened its borders to tourism on July 1. Just on Thursday, August 6th, there were 153 new cases, 11 of which were identified at gates entering the country from abroad. In totally, 26.7% of the total number of cases are thought to be related to travel from abroad. As a response, certain regions in Greece are closing down entry in order to curb the spread. – CNN.gr