GENERAL /

Date Established: 11 June 11, 1975. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy.

US Aid: No established US Aid to Greece

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Capital: Athens

Legislature: Unicameral Hellenic Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon

Judiciary: Highest courts: Supreme Civil and Criminal Court or Areios Pagos (consists of 56 judges, including the court presidents); Council of State (supreme administrative court) (consists of the president, 7 vice presidents, 42 privy councilors, 48 associate councilors and 50 reporting judges, organized into six 5- and 7-member chambers; Court of Audit (government audit and enforcement) consists of the president, 5 vice presidents, 20 councilors, and 90 associate and reporting judges

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal and Courts of First Instance (district courts)

Ambassador to US: Ambassador Alexandra Papadopoulou

US Ambassador: Ambassador Geoffrey R. Pyatt

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: Population: 10.6 million

Language: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Ethnicity: Greek 91.6%, Albanian 4.4%, other 4% (2011)

Religion: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Christian Communities: Greece’s population is Greek Orthodox and directly tied to its culture and traditions. There is no pervasive Christian community other than that, but there is an extremely small percentage of Catholics.

greece

Greece

BACKGROUND

Greece began its fight for independence after nearly 400 years of Ottoman occupation; the last of modern-day Greece’s regions, Crete, was freed in 1929. Greece participated in both World Wars, had its own civil war between 1946-1949, and a US-supported military regime from 1967 to 1974. Greece’s culture and traditions are tied to Orthodox Christianity with between 81 – 90% of the population identifying as Greek Orthodox, while 4-15% identify as agnostic/atheist, 3% as other, and 2% as Muslim. Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula and shares land borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

LATEST NEWS

  • EU is losing patience with Turkey: The EU has threatened Turkey with sanctions if the politics of provocation are not terminated. It plans to make a decision regarding its stance on said sanctions in the coming weeks. In a joint press conference, the MFAs of France, Germany and Poland openly accused Turkey of provoking the EU with its actions in the Eastern Med. - Kathimerini

  • Macron on Turkey: We will take into account the recent developments: Prime Minister Macron stated that during the EU’s Summit on Friday, October 16, the EU Commission will discuss Turkey, taking into account the recent provocations in the Nagorno – Karabakh conflict. The French PM, without wanting to predict outcomes, said that the EU would be making decisions regarding its relationship with Turkey based on the most recent developments. - Kathimerini

  • Pompeo condemns Turkish support of Azerbaijan: Mike Pompeo accused Turkey of increasing the risks associated with the Nagorno – Karabakh conflict by supplying weapons to Azerbaijan. Pompeo stated that Turkey’s involvement in this long-standing disputed land is dangerous, and urged both sides to find a peaceful resolution, adding that he hopes Armenia is able to defend itself against Azerbaijan. - Kathimerini

  • Turkish drilling rigs near Greek islands: Two Turkish ships, Kanuni and Oruc Reis, are near the Greek islands of Tilos and Kastellorizo, respectively, which has increased tensions in the region. Both ships are being monitored by Greek naval forces. - To Vima

  • Charles Michel says Britain is out: EU President, Charles Michel, along with the leaders of the remaining EU 27, made it absolutely clear that Britain must exit the EU following the agreement that set its exit for January 31 of 2020. The terms of the exit have not been embraced entirely by Johnson’s government, but Michel said that an agreement will be reached, prioritizing the protection of both EU workers and fishing rights. - To Vima

greece

Greece

GENERAL /

Date Established: 11 June 11, 1975. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy.

US Aid: No established US Aid to Greece

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Capital: Athens

Legislature: Unicameral Hellenic Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon

Judiciary: Highest courts: Supreme Civil and Criminal Court or Areios Pagos (consists of 56 judges, including the court presidents); Council of State (supreme administrative court) (consists of the president, 7 vice presidents, 42 privy councilors, 48 associate councilors and 50 reporting judges, organized into six 5- and 7-member chambers; Court of Audit (government audit and enforcement) consists of the president, 5 vice presidents, 20 councilors, and 90 associate and reporting judges

Subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal and Courts of First Instance (district courts)

Ambassador to US: Ambassador Alexandra Papadopoulou

US Ambassador: Ambassador Geoffrey R. Pyatt

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: Population: 10.6 million

Language: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Ethnicity: Greek 91.6%, Albanian 4.4%, other 4% (2011)

Religion: Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)

Christian Communities: Greece’s population is Greek Orthodox and directly tied to its culture and traditions. There is no pervasive Christian community other than that, but there is an extremely small percentage of Catholics.

BACKGROUND

Greece began its fight for independence after nearly 400 years of Ottoman occupation; the last of modern-day Greece’s regions, Crete, was freed in 1929. Greece participated in both World Wars, had its own civil war between 1946-1949, and a US-supported military regime from 1967 to 1974. Greece’s culture and traditions are tied to Orthodox Christianity with between 81 – 90% of the population identifying as Greek Orthodox, while 4-15% identify as agnostic/atheist, 3% as other, and 2% as Muslim. Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula and shares land borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey.

LATEST NEWS

  • EU is losing patience with Turkey: The EU has threatened Turkey with sanctions if the politics of provocation are not terminated. It plans to make a decision regarding its stance on said sanctions in the coming weeks. In a joint press conference, the MFAs of France, Germany and Poland openly accused Turkey of provoking the EU with its actions in the Eastern Med. - Kathimerini

  • Macron on Turkey: We will take into account the recent developments: Prime Minister Macron stated that during the EU’s Summit on Friday, October 16, the EU Commission will discuss Turkey, taking into account the recent provocations in the Nagorno – Karabakh conflict. The French PM, without wanting to predict outcomes, said that the EU would be making decisions regarding its relationship with Turkey based on the most recent developments. - Kathimerini

  • Pompeo condemns Turkish support of Azerbaijan: Mike Pompeo accused Turkey of increasing the risks associated with the Nagorno – Karabakh conflict by supplying weapons to Azerbaijan. Pompeo stated that Turkey’s involvement in this long-standing disputed land is dangerous, and urged both sides to find a peaceful resolution, adding that he hopes Armenia is able to defend itself against Azerbaijan. - Kathimerini

  • Turkish drilling rigs near Greek islands: Two Turkish ships, Kanuni and Oruc Reis, are near the Greek islands of Tilos and Kastellorizo, respectively, which has increased tensions in the region. Both ships are being monitored by Greek naval forces. - To Vima

  • Charles Michel says Britain is out: EU President, Charles Michel, along with the leaders of the remaining EU 27, made it absolutely clear that Britain must exit the EU following the agreement that set its exit for January 31 of 2020. The terms of the exit have not been embraced entirely by Johnson’s government, but Michel said that an agreement will be reached, prioritizing the protection of both EU workers and fishing rights. - To Vima

  • Pompeo calls for Turkish naval ships’ departure: U.S. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, has called for the departure of Turkish naval ships located in the Greek continental shelf. Additionally, Pompeo is visiting Cyprus on Saturday, September 12, and he commented on the lifting of the arms embargo towards the country. - Kathimerini

  • US and Greek air forces have joint exercises: US C-130s of the 37th Airlift Squadron flew over Athens today, along with the Greek air force. The flyover was part of a joint exercise with the name “Stolen Cerberus VII.” - Kathimerini

  • Med 7 proclaim full support for Greece: Following the September 10th Med-7 meeting, the group of seven Mediterranean countries (France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Greece and Cyprus) released their conclusions in the “Ajaccio Declaration,” expressing the group’s full support and solidarity with Greece and Cyprus. They also called for all countries to adhere to international law, and expressed disappointment in Turkey’s insistence in violating Greece’s continental shelf even after the EU’s multiple appeals to desist in the unilateral violations and acts of aggression. - Kathimerini

  • Turkey calls Med 7 statement biased: The Turkish MFA released a statement calling the recent Med-7 statement supporting Greece and Cyprus biased. It also stated that the path to dialogue required unconditional terms, and called for Greece to remove its naval ships from the vicinity of Turkey’s naval ship “Oruc Reis,” which is currently located in Greek waters. - Kathimerini