May 21, 2023

Why Iran Strategically Relies On Its Proxies

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by Farhad Rezaei, Senior Research Fellow

The Islamic Republic can only cease support for these proxies by making the shift from being a revolutionary cause to a normal state.

Five years have passed since former US president Donald Trump withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Trump’s goal was to coerce the Islamic Republic into agreeing to a new deal that would permanently eliminate the threat of Iran’s nuclear program.

However, the opposite happened. Today, not only is Iran uninterested in returning to the deal, but it has also significantly advanced its nuclear program, reducing the breakout time from 12 months to just 12 days. This significant development has prompted scholars and analysts to speculate about crafting a “plan B.”