GENERAL /

Date Established: September 21, 1991

US Aid: $6,750,000

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Armen Sarkissian

Head of Government: Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Capital: Yerevan

Legislature: National Assembly unicameral (Parliament) or Azgayin Zhoghov (minimum 101 seats, currently 132)

Judiciary: Court of Cassation (consists of 17 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)

Ambassador to US: Varuzhan Nersessyan

US Ambassador: Lynne M. Tracey 

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 3 million

Language: Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish 1%

Ethnicity: Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi Kurd 1.2%, other 0.7%

Religion: Armenian Apostolic (Oriental Orthodox) 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9%

Christian Communities: Armenians, Russians

Armenia

Armenia

BACKGROUND

Armenia is a landlocked country located in the South Caucasus, bordering Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran to the south. It is a democratic nation-state with a parliamentary republic that is composed of 98% Armenians. Armenia was the first nation to accept Christianity in 301 A.D. and its Christian culture has continued to play a pivotal role in the establishment of the Armenian national identity; more than 95% of the country remains Christian. Economically, the country is isolated and borders to the east and west are closed, however the country is emerging as a Silicon Valley in the region and has become a leading technology and start-up hub, exporting software and programs. The country has gradually been developing in the socio-economic and socio-political sectors, as well, improving its institutions to increase transparency and eradicate post-communist aftershocks like corruption and oligarchy. 

LATEST NEWS

  • Azerbaijanis Planning Rally in Front of Armenian Church in Tel Aviv: Azerbaijanis are planning a provocation in front of the Armenian Church in Tel Aviv on August 9, blogger Alexander Lapshin alarms. “There has been an order from Baku to try to spread riots and attacks on Armenian churches, shops and simply ethnic Armenians like it happened in Moscow,” Lapshin writes in a Facebook post titled “Aliyev, hands off the church.” -Public Radio of Armenia

  • Massive Explosion Shakes Beirut, Armenian Centers Damaged: Zartonk Media’s sources in Beirut confirms damage to Armenian centers and businesses, across greater Beirut, but especially the heavily Armenian-populated districts, such as Bourj Hammoud and Hadjin. -Zartonk Media

  • Armenia to Send Humanitarian Aid to Lebanon After Deadly Explosion: Armenia to send medicine, medical equipment, food, and other supplies in aid to Lebanon, per Mane Gevorgyan, spokesperson for the Prime Minister of Armenia. “Assistance from Armenia will be in the form of medicine, medical equipment, food, and other supplies and will arrive as soon as possible via charter flight. As a reminder, Prime Minister Pashinyan had a telephone conversation with Lebanese President Michel Aoun, and expressed the readiness of the Armenian government to assist and support Lebanon and its brotherly people,” added Gevorgyan. -Zartonk Media

  • Eleven Armenians Dead, 250+ Injured in Beirut Blast: Eleven Armenians have died, 250 are injured after a massive blast rocked Lebanon’s capital Beirut, including Kataeb Party Secretary-General, Nazar Najarian. The blast happened near the Armenian districts of Beirut, namely Bourj Hammoud and Hadjin. The Holy See of Cilicia in Antelias, Lebanon also had one of its many Armenian churches damaged. -Public Radio of Armenia