GENERAL /

Date Established: September 21, 1991

US Aid: $6,750,000

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Armen Sarkissian

Head of Government: Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Capital: Yerevan

Legislature: National Assembly unicameral (Parliament) or Azgayin Zhoghov (minimum 101 seats, currently 132)

Judiciary: Court of Cassation (consists of 17 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)

Ambassador to US: Varuzhan Nersessyan

US Ambassador: Lynne M. Tracey 

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 3 million

Language: Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish 1%

Ethnicity: Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi Kurd 1.2%, other 0.7%

Religion: Armenian Apostolic (Oriental Orthodox) 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9%

Christian Communities: Armenians, Russians

Armenia

Armenia

BACKGROUND

Armenia is a landlocked country located in the South Caucasus, bordering Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran to the south. It is a democratic nation-state with a parliamentary republic that is composed of 98% Armenians. Armenia was the first nation to accept Christianity in 301 A.D. and its Christian culture has continued to play a pivotal role in the establishment of the Armenian national identity; more than 95% of the country remains Christian. Economically, the country is isolated and borders to the east and west are closed, however the country is emerging as a Silicon Valley in the region and has become a leading technology and start-up hub, exporting software and programs. The country has gradually been developing in the socio-economic and socio-political sectors, as well, improving its institutions to increase transparency and eradicate post-communist aftershocks like corruption and oligarchy. 

LATEST NEWS

  • Turkish arms sales to Azerbaijan surged before Artsakh fighting: Turkey’s military exports to its ally Azerbaijan have risen six-fold this year, with sales of drones and other military equipment rising to $77 million last month alone before fighting broke out over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. -Zartonk Media

  • 100 tons of humanitarian aid from the United States to Armenia delayed as Turkey prohibits use of its airspace: About 700 tons of humanitarian aid has already been transferred to Armenia from different countries around the world. The US prepared 100 tons of aid, which was ready to be delivered to Armenia, but Turkey has banned the delivery of humanitarian aid through its airspace, and therefore the aid is delayed. -Zartonk Media

  • Pompeo hopes Armenians will be able to defend themselves against Azerbaijani attacks: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated in an interview that he hopes Armenians will be able to defend themselves against what the Azerbaijanis are doing. He also declared that Turkey’s intervention in the developments in Nagorno-Karabakh is dangerous. -Armenpress

  • Chomsky: Erdogan trying to recreate Ottoman Caliphate in Turkey: According to Noam Chomsky, the legendary MIT professor who practically invented modern linguistics, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Turkey is trying to create something like the Ottoman Caliphate. -News.am

Armenia

Armenia

GENERAL /

Date Established: September 21, 1991

US Aid: $6,750,000

GOVERNMENT /

Chief of State: President Armen Sarkissian

Head of Government: Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Capital: Yerevan

Legislature: National Assembly unicameral (Parliament) or Azgayin Zhoghov (minimum 101 seats, currently 132)

Judiciary: Court of Cassation (consists of 17 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)

Ambassador to US: Varuzhan Nersessyan

US Ambassador: Lynne M. Tracey 

PEOPLE & SOCIETY /

Population: 3 million

Language: Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish 1%

Ethnicity: Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi Kurd 1.2%, other 0.7%

Religion: Armenian Apostolic (Oriental Orthodox) 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9%

Christian Communities: Armenians, Russians

BACKGROUND

Armenia is a landlocked country located in the South Caucasus, bordering Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran to the south. It is a democratic nation-state with a parliamentary republic that is composed of 98% Armenians. Armenia was the first nation to accept Christianity in 301 A.D. and its Christian culture has continued to play a pivotal role in the establishment of the Armenian national identity; more than 95% of the country remains Christian. Economically, the country is isolated and borders to the east and west are closed, however the country is emerging as a Silicon Valley in the region and has become a leading technology and start-up hub, exporting software and programs. The country has gradually been developing in the socio-economic and socio-political sectors, as well, improving its institutions to increase transparency and eradicate post-communist aftershocks like corruption and oligarchy. 

LATEST NEWS

  • MP Paylan cracks down on Turkish Minister, asking why he doesn’t protect Armenian cemeteries: Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) MP Garo Paylan has submitted a parliamentary question to the Turkish Minister of Culture and Tourism, Mehmet Nuri Ersoy, about the photos showing damage to an Armenian cemetery in Sincan, Ankara, the capital of Turkey. - Zartonk Media

  • Armenia to build childcare center in Gyumri for children aged 0-18 to help solve their social-psychological problems: Armenia’s Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs plans to establish a new childcare institution, the Crisis Support Center for Children and Families, in Gyumri. Children aged 0-18 will receive round-the-clock support and care for a maximum of six months, and children aged 2-18 will receive day support services for a maximum of one year. - Zartonk Media

  • AGBU waives tuition fees for all its students of its schools in Lebanon: The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) announces that it is waiving the tuition fees for all students who have attended its schools in Lebanon during the 2019-2020 academic year and who wish to continue their enrollment in the forthcoming year. - Zartonk Media

  • Oldest Armenian church in Bulgaria marks 400th anniversary: The Holy Virgin Armenian Church in Silistra, Bulgaria reaches its 400th anniversary, believed to be the oldest Armenian church in Bulgaria. - Zartonk Media

  • Annual liturgy In Akhtamar’s Armenian church to be held behind closed doors: The annual Divine Liturgy at Surb Khach (Holy Cross) Armenian Church on Akhtamar Island in the eastern province of Van will be held with limited participation on Sept. 6 due to the coronavirus pandemic. - Zartonk Media

  • Hayastan All-Armenian Fund sends $70,000 to Syrian-Armenians: On September 9, the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund Executive Director Haykak Arshamyan handed $70,000 to the Armenian Embassy in Damascus to help alleviate the socio-economic problems Armenians are facing due to the Coronavirus. - Hetq

  • ECHR ruling in Armenian Gurgen Margaryan murder case appealed: The ECHR ruled that Azerbaijan violated the European Convention on Human Rights by releasing an extradited officer who had murdered an Armenian soldier during training in Hungary. On 31 August 2012, Ramil Safarov was transferred to Azerbaijan, in agreement with Hungary, under the Council of Europe Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. He was met with a heroes’ welcome upon his arrival in Baku. A few hours later, he was pardoned by President Ilham Aliyev, promoted to the rank of major, awarded eight years of salary arrears, and offered an apartment. - Zartonk Media

  • Armenia joins Russia, China, and others for the Caucasus 2020 major international military drills: Armenia will join Russia, China, Belarus, Iran, Myanmar, Pakistan and several other countries for the Caucasus 2020 joint military exercises scheduled to take place September 21-26 in Russia. - Armenpress

  • Armenian government to donate 10 medical vehicles to Artsakh: The Armenian government will be donating 10 medical vehicles to assist the healthcare system of Artsakh and improve its ambulance service. 3 of the donated vehicles are ambulances equipped with first aid kits. The remaining 7 are linear cars, also equipped with medical devices and first aid kits. The total cost of the vehicles is almost 300 million drams. - Armenpress

  • Opening of Armenia’s Consulate General in Iraq’s Erbil in process: The Armenian Foreign Ministry’s spokesperson, Anna Naghdalyan, told Armenpress that they are currently working toward opening Armenia’s Consulate General in Erbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan.  - Armenpress